Resilience planning is a holistic approach that takes into consideration future economic, social and environmental developments, including climate change. It should not be regarded as a temporary response to external shocks, but a long-term strategy for local governments to improve their sustainability profile – and make sure those achievements last in the face of future adversities.
In the past years, cities and municipalities implemented strategic plans towards resilience building. Despite the progress that has been made recently, monitoring, reporting and evaluating the climate change adaptation represents an issue in the urban context. How do we measure success? And how do we enable local governments to measure their disaster and climate resilience?
ICLEI is developing a step-by-step guide for city resilience planning, based on its experience of climate and disaster planning, and also on some new methodologies pioneered by groups such as UN Habitat, Arup and 100 Resilient Cities. The Guide aims to be adaptable to the full range of cities – to their local context, capacity and previous history of resilience planning.
Community engagement and improved social participation are essential to build local resilience and reducing risk by providing bonding, bridging, and linking practices that enhance appropriation of neighborhoods and ecosystems. Organized and knowledgeable communities can better cope with disasters, learn from previous experiences, adapt to new environments and ultimately become more resilient.